China steps up scrutiny
Foreign exchange regulator says new rules on cash transfers are not capital controls
China's new rules on overseas currency transfers are not capital controls, the official Xinhua news agency reported, even as some banks told customers that purchases of foreign currency for property, securities and life insurance were not allowed.
Capital outflow has been a growing concern for the government in the past year as it attempted to put the economy back on track and keep the currency stable without exhausting its foreign exchange reserves, which tumbled to US$3.052 trillion (S$4.41 trillion) in November, the lowest in almost six years.
Starting this July , banks and other financial institutions in China will have to report all domestic and overseas cash transactions of more than 50,000 yuan (S$10,438) compared with 200,000 yuan previously, the central bank said on Friday.
The responsibility of reporting such transactions will be assumed by financial institutions, and there will also be no extra documentation or official approval procedures required for companies or individuals, Xinhua reported late on Sunday, citing Mr Ma Jun, chief economist of the People's Bank of China.
The government has said its checks on transactions are meant to target money laundering, terrorism financing and fake outbound investment transactions, and not normal, legitimate business activities.
China's foreign exchange regulator said late on Saturday that from Jan 1 it would step up scrutiny on individual foreign currency purchases and strengthen punishment for illegal money outflows, although the US$50,000 annual individual quota will remain unchanged.
Since Sunday, Bank of Shanghai and China Merchants Bank customers have been required to fill out a new online form when applying to purchase foreign exchange through their respective mobile banking apps.
The form restricted foreign exchange from being used to buy overseas property, securities, life insurance or other investment-style insurance products.
Approved uses of funds were restricted to non-investment uses including tourism, schooling, business travel and medical care.
Customers must also indicate how they plan to use the foreign currency and when they plan to spend it.